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Prix du pétrole : du puit à la pompe

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Il n'y a pas que les pécheurs qui souffrent

http://www.boursorama.com/infos/actualites…ml?news=5672029

Pétrole cher: de plus en plus de faillites de compagnies aériennes

Quelque 25 compagnies aériennes ont cessé leurs opérations ou fait faillite au cours des six premiers mois de l'année en raison de la flambée des cours des carburants, un chiffre sans égal, selon l'Association internationale du transport aérien (Iata).

"Durant les six derniers mois, nous avons suspendu 25 compagnies aériennes du système de compensation financière. C'est la plus importante concentration de toute l'histoire de ce système", a expliqué à l'AFP un porte-parole de l'Iata, Anthony Concil.

L'Association, qui regroupe quelque 240 compagnies aériennes, a mis au point un système de compensation financière entre la plupart de ses membres, qui permet de protéger les clients en cas de faillite notamment.

Lorsqu'une personne achète un billet d'avion à une agence de voyages, cette agence paie l'Iata qui crédite ensuite les fonds à la compagnie aérienne concernée. En cas de graves problèmes financiers, la compagnie est suspendue du système afin de garantir le remboursement éventuel des voyageurs.

Des compagnies de toute taille et de toute régions ont été affectées par les dernières suspensions, telles que Cameroon Airlines, Frontier Airlines (basée à Denver aux Etats-Unis), Air Mauritanie ou encore Silverjet, la spécialiste du voyage business en Grande-Bretagne, a précisé le porte-parole.

A titre de comparaison, au cours des six mois qui ont suivi les attentats du 11 septembre 2001, seules huit compagnies avaient été rayées du système de l'Iata, dont Swissair, la compagnie belge Sabena ou encore Ansett (Australie).

M. Concil a prévenu que d'autres compagnies pourraient s'ajouter à la liste dans les prochains mois: "les prix élevés du pétrole ont un impact énorme sur le secteur et nous nous attendons à ce que la liste des 25 augmente encore", a-t-il dit, se refusant à désigner les compagnies les plus vulnérables.

Les prix du brut ont pratiquement doublé depuis un an, le baril de Brent de la mer du Nord dépassant désormais les 140 dollars tandis que le baril de kérosène se situe au-dessus des 170 dollars (en hausse de près de 100%). Cette flambée des cours a fait passer la facture kérosène de 13% à près de 35% des coûts généraux des compagnies, selon l'Iata.

Une augmentation de un dollar par baril de pétrole se traduit par un surcoût de près de 1,6 milliard de dollars pour le secteur, souligne encore l'association.

L'Iata attend ainsi "des pertes considérables pour 2008, entre 2,3 et 6,1 milliards de dollars" dans le secteur.

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Espérons qu'elles ne feront pas faillite en vol.

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Il était temps !

Bush lifts oil drilling ban, wants Congress to act

By BEN FELLER, Associated Press Writer

Mon Jul 14, 7:31 PM ET

WASHINGTON - President Bush on Monday lifted an executive ban on offshore oil drilling and challenged Congress to follow suit, aiming to turn the enormous public frustration about gasoline prices into political leverage. Democratic lawmakers rejected Bush's plan as a symbolic stunt.

With gas prices topping $4.10 a gallon nationally, Bush made his most assertive move to extend oil exploration, an energy priority of his presidency. By lifting the executive prohibition against coastal drilling, Bush rescinded a White House policy that his own father put in place in 1990.

The move will have no practical effect unless Congress acts, too. Both executive and legislative bans must be lifted before offshore exploration can happen.

Bush had called on Congress a month ago to go first, then reversed himself on Monday. He said the country could no longer afford to wait.

"Failure to act is unacceptable. It's unacceptable to me and it's unacceptable to the American people," Bush said in an event held in the Rose Garden.

"Democratic leaders can show that they have finally heard the frustrations of the American people by matching the action I've taken today, repealing the congressional ban, and passing legislation to facilitate responsible offshore exploration," Bush said.

The president's direct link between record gas prices and offshore drilling glossed over a key point. Even if Congress agreed, the exploration for oil would take years to produce real results. It is not projected to reduce gas prices in the short term. Even the White House routinely emphasizes there is no quick fix.

That did not stop Bush from building his case around today's prices at the pump.

He said every extra dollar that families must spend on gas is one they could be using to put food on their table or to send a child to school. The American people, he said, are now "waiting to see what the Congress will do."

The White House says that acting now on a long-term solution would send a serious signal to the market that more oil supply will be coming on line. That, in turn, could ease oil prices, advocates say. Business groups and many Republican lawmakers applauded the move to expand the energy supply in the U.S.

Democrats were unmoved.

"The Bush plan is a hoax," responded House Speaker Nancy Pelosi. "It will neither reduce gas prices nor increase energy independence."

Several Democratic leaders in Congress said oil companies are already sitting on millions of acres of public and coastal lands.

Yet a proposal by Democrats to release oil from an emergency reserve has been rejected by the White House as a gimmick that won't reduce prices.

So the election-year stalemate remains.

Congressional Democrats, joined by some GOP lawmakers from coastal states, have long opposed lifting the prohibition that has barred energy companies from waters along both the East and West coasts and in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. A succession of presidents, including the current one, has sided with Congress for each of the last 27 years in barring drilling in these waters.

The main goal has been to protect beaches and coastal states' tourism economies. But Bush says that with today's technology, exploration can be conducted along the Outer Continental Shelf in ways that keep the drilling out of sight and protect the environment.

The congressional ban is renewed yearly, typically as part of a spending bill. The White House said it was too soon to comment on a potential Bush veto.

Under Bush's proposal, states would help decide how drilling would be conducted off their shores. It is unclear how much oil would be available. Bush said it could eventually be enough to produce 10 years' worth of America's current oil production.

Both presidential campaigns weighed in.

Sen. John McCain, the presumptive Republican presidential nominee, called Bush's move "a very important signal" and prodded his Democratic rival, Sen. Barack Obama, to drop his opposition to offshore drilling. "If we can show that we have significant oil reserves off our coasts, that will clearly affect the futures market and affect the price of oil," McCain said.

Obama favors another economic stimulus package that includes energy rebates, as well as stepped up efforts to develop alternative fuels. "If offshore drilling would provide short-term relief at the pump or a long-term strategy for energy independence, it would be worthy of our consideration, regardless of the risks," Obama spokesman Bill Burton said in a statement. "But most experts, even within the Bush administration, concede it would do neither."

Environmental groups also criticized Bush.

The public, though, is growing impatient for answers.

Nearly half the people surveyed by the Pew Research Center last month said they now consider energy exploration and drilling more important than conservation, compared with a little over a third who felt that way only five months ago. The sharpest shift in attitude came from those who had previously viewed exploration as a less important priority, including people who identified themselves as liberals, independents and Democrats.

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080714/ap_on_go_pr_wh/bush

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Et la réaction de la Ségolène californienne, relayée par un Robert Rapier effondré:

Labels: American Petroleum Institute, energy independence, energy iq

posted by Robert Rapier at 4:24 PM 0 comments links to this post

Monday, July 14, 2008

What an Outraged Barbara Boxer Thinks

For reasons unknown to me, I am on an e-mail distribution list from Senator Barbara Boxer. Here's what she had to say about Bush's lifting of the federal ban on offshore drilling. (No comments from me just yet, as I have an essay in draft).

"Dear Robert,

George W. Bush wants to give the oil companies a huge gift that threatens our environment -- while not doing a single thing to lower gas prices. Urge my colleagues in Congress not to lift the Congressional moratorium on offshore drilling.

I've been working with many of you to protect our coasts for decades. Now, after today's shocking news from the White House, I'm outraged. It's time to take our fight to the next level.

Today, running contrary to every shred of common sense, President Bush lifted the presidential moratorium on drilling for oil off our precious coastline -- a moratorium his own father put in place. And now he wants Congress to lift our own moratorium as well.

It's unbelievable. In the final months of his failed presidency, George Bush wants to give the oil companies a huge gift that threatens our coasts, our economy, and our jobs -- while not doing one single thing to lower gas prices.

Tell my colleagues in Congress to stand firm: Sign my petition to the House and Senate leadership, urging them not to lift the Congressional moratorium on offshore drilling!

There is absolutely no reason to lift the offshore drilling moratorium -- not one. It's just the latest example of President Bush trying to shift the blame for the 300% increase in gas prices from himself to the Congress.

You would expect such a policy to emanate from the CEO of an oil company -- not from the President of the United States.

After all, oil and gas companies already hold leases to 68 million acres of federal land, where they haven't yet even begun to produce oil. The oil companies have been derelict in drilling on the land they already have access to -- and now they just want more leases to add as assets to their corporate balance sheets.

Why do we need to open our sensitive offshore areas to drilling when the oil companies don't drill on the land they already have -- and when the impact of any new drilling won't have any effect on gas prices, while putting our coastal environment at risk? It's ridiculous -- and President Bush should be ashamed for even proposing it.

The President didn't follow his father's policy on Iraq and now he's not following his father's policy on offshore oil drilling. It's time for Congress to stand firm.

It's time to protect our thriving coastal economy, worth $70 billion and almost two million jobs.

It's time for real solutions on gas prices, not political posturing and last-minute gifts for President Bush's big oil buddies.

Congress should be going after speculators, urging oil and gas companies to drill on the leases they already have, and releasing some oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve -- not lifting the offshore drilling moratorium."

OK, just one comment. I am just so thankful Senator Boxer is above political posturing, and is in favoring of real solutions like releasing oil from the SPR*.

http://i-r-squared.blogspot.com/

(post du 14 juillet)

* Startegic Petroleum Reserve (cf. le post du 16 juillet)

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LONDRES (AFP) - Les cours du pétrole ont plongé mardi sous 105 dollars, pour la première fois depuis avril, pâtissant de l'essouflement de l'ouragan Gustav, de la vitalité du dollar et de la baisse de la demande, et ils pourraient bientôt enfoncer le seuil des 100 dollars.

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Notons qu'il y a quand même 1 million de barrils / jour de production suspendue pour 4 ou 5 jours, et que les prix baissent quand même. N'est années qu'on n'avait plus vu cette configuration là.

Je compte sur MEND pour faire un grosse attaque contre quelque station de pompage ou un gros kidnapping d'expats, mais cette fois ci je crains qu'ils riquent d'être décus du résultat.

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On s'attendait à plus de dégât de la part de Gustav et donc une production moindre pour les trois prochain mois.

Ca ne sera pas le cas donc les prix baisse.

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Réglé comme du papier à musique. Les prix baisse? MEND attaque.

Nigerian militants declare 'oil war' against pipelines in Niger Delta

Western oil workers have been warned to leave Nigeria's Delta region by militant groups who have declared an 'oil war' after two days of gunbattles with state security forces.

By Mike Pflanz, West Africa Correspondent

Last Updated: 11:44PM BST 14 Sep 2008

Army helicopters, jet fighters and gunboats have pounded rebel positions since Saturday, prompting the main militant group to launch its own full-scale offensive against oil facilities.

Ships were warned to weigh anchor offshore and oil installations in the world's eighth largest crude producer would be shut down, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (Mend) said.

The group had already sabotaged a pipeline operated by Chevron and said it would move on to facilities run by Anglo-Dutch petrol giant Shell.

"We have declared an oil war in response to the unprovoked aerial and marine attacks on our positions by the armed forces of Nigeria," said Jomo Gbomo, Mend's spokesman.

"We are asking that oil companies evacuate their staff from their field facilities because the brief is not to capture hostages but to bring these structures to the ground."

A spokeswoman for Shell said that none of their operations had yet been affected but up to a fifth of the country's 2.3 million barrels per day has already been shut down as skirmishes with the militants have intensified.

Mend says that it is fighting for a greater share of oil wealth to be spent on the Niger Delta region's impoverished civilians.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/…-pipelines.html

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Le pétrole à moins de 50 $ le baril pour bientôt ?

La corrélation pétrole/or, le pétrole baisse, l'or va baisser ?

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L'or baissera. Mais pas tout de suite. A mon avis, il va encore monter sévère pendant quelques semaines.

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L'or baissera. Mais pas tout de suite. A mon avis, il va encore monter sévère pendant quelques semaines.

Le prix de l'or en dollar ne pourra pas baisser facilement si le dollar se casse la gueule.

Le prix de l'or en yuan peut etre, mais meme la je suis pas certain. En cas d'hyperinflation il va forcement monter non ?

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Actuellement, j'ai l'impression que les dollars reviennent à la maison US, et qu'ils s'apprécient, ce que semble confirmer la baisse du baril (en partie due à la baisse anticipée d'activité et à la meilleure appréciation du dollar). L'or subit une bulle typique (jolie courbe de plus en plus verticale).

Si on entre en déflation (ce qui n'est pas certain, mais semble en cours), l'or finira par tomber. A ce moment, cash will be king.

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Guest rogermila

Thierry Desmarest, PDG de Total, aura peut-être finalement raison, lui qui prévoyait il y a deux ans, envers et contre tous, un retour du baril de brut, autour de 35 dollars; et qu'il ne fallait pas s'emballer trop vite dans des recherches extrèmememnt couteuses sur les energies de substitution.

Vers 13H30 GMT, le baril de Brent, échangé à Londres, est tombé à 48,54 dollars.

A New York, le baril de "light sweet crude" est tombé à 50,22 dollars, un plus bas depuis la mi-janvier 2007.

Depuis leurs records de juillet (147,50 dollars à Londres et 147,27 à New York), les prix du pétrole ont perdu plus des deux-tiers de leur valeur.

http://fr.news.yahoo.com/2/20081120/tbs-le…rs-f41e315.html

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Desmarest est l'ancien PDG de Total. (Maintenant, c'est Margerie.)

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Oil Industry Sets a Brisk Pace of New Discoveries

The oil industry has been on a hot streak this year, thanks to a series of major discoveries that have rekindled a sense of excitement across the petroleum sector, despite falling prices and a tough economy.

These discoveries, spanning five continents, are the result of hefty investments that began earlier in the decade when oil prices rose, and of new technologies that allow explorers to drill at greater depths and break tougher rocks.

“That’s the wonderful thing about price signals in a free market — it puts people in a better position to take more exploration risk,” said James T. Hackett, chairman and chief executive of Anadarko Petroleum.

More than 200 discoveries have been reported so far this year in dozens of countries, including northern Iraq’s Kurdish region, Australia, Israel, Iran, Brazil, Norway, Ghana and Russia. They have been made by international giants, like Exxon Mobil, but also by industry minnows, like Tullow Oil.

Just this month, BP said that it found a giant deepwater field that might turn out to be the biggest oil discovery ever in the Gulf of Mexico, while Anadarko announced a large find in an “exciting and highly prospective” region off Sierra Leone.

It is normal for companies to discover billions of barrels of new oil every year, but this year’s pace is unusually brisk. New oil discoveries have totaled about 10 billion barrels in the first half of the year, according to IHS Cambridge Energy Research Associates. If discoveries continue at that pace through year-end, they are likely to reach the highest level since 2000.

While recent years have featured speculation about a coming peak and subsequent decline in oil production, people in the industry say there is still plenty of oil in the ground, especially beneath the ocean floor, even if finding and extracting it is becoming harder. They say that prices and the pace of technological improvement remain the principal factors governing oil production capacity.

While the industry is celebrating the recent discoveries, many executives are anxious about the immediate future, fearing that lower prices might jeopardize their exploration drive. The world economy is weak, oil prices have tumbled from last year’s records, corporate profits have shrunk, and global demand for oil remains low. After falling to $34 in December, oil prices have doubled, stabilizing near $70 a barrel. But if the world economy does not pick up, some analysts believe the price could fall again.

Oil companies contend that is not a prospect they can afford. Despite reaping record profits in recent years, many executives have warned that they need prices above $60 a barrel to develop the world’s more challenging reserves. In fact, some exploration activity has already slowed this year, as producers seek better terms from service companies and contractors.

It is not just oil that is benefiting from the exploration boom. Repsol, Spain’s biggest oil company, said this month that it had discovered what could turn out to be Venezuela’s biggest natural gas field. In recent years, companies have found substantial natural gas reserves in the United States, from shale rocks once believed to be impossible to drill.

“The No. 1 question that exploration teams have right now is, Where do we go next?” said Robert Fryklund, who ran the operations of ConocoPhillips in Libya and Brazil, and is a vice president in Houston at Cambridge Energy Research Associates.

Exploration spending swelled in recent years, partly to offset a doubling of costs throughout the industry — from steel prices to the cost of renting deepwater drilling rigs. A big issue confronting the industry now is how to drive down costs while maintaining a high level of exploration. On average, costs have fallen by 15 to 20 percent from their peak, according to petroleum executives.

Exploration remains a risky, and costly, business, where some deepwater wells can cost up to $100 million. From 30 to 50 percent of exploration wells find oil.

Some executives are also worried the world might face a shortfall in supplies in coming years if another decline in oil prices causes exploration to falter.

The chief executive of the French oil giant Total, Christophe de Margerie, has warned that such a supply crunch is possible by the middle of the next decade. “There could be a shortage of capacity,” he said.

His concerns echoed those of Abdullah al-Badri, the secretary general of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, who said that lower oil prices also threatened investments by OPEC nations.

Saudi Arabia is also unlikely to expand its production in coming years because of the uncertainty clouding future oil demand, Ali al-Naimi, the kingdom’s oil minister, signaled earlier this month. Saudi Arabia is just completing a $100 billion program to increase its capacity to 12.5 million barrels a day, from around 9 million barrels a day just a few years ago.

Although they are substantial, the new finds do not match the giant fields discovered in the 1970s, like Alaska’s Prudhoe Bay, Ekofisk in the North Sea, or Cantarell in Mexico. They are also dwarfed by the last enormous discovery, the Kashagan field in the Caspian Sea, discovered in 2000 and estimated to hold over 20 billion barrels of oil.

“We have not seen another Kashagan, but still these finds are very material,” said Alan Murray, the exploration service manager at Wood Mackenzie, a consulting firm in Edinburgh.

Since the early 1980s, discoveries have failed to keep up with the global rate of oil consumption, which last year reached 31 billion barrels of oil. Instead, companies have managed to expand production by finding new ways of getting more oil out of existing fields, or producing oil through unconventional sources, like Canada’s tar sands or heavy oil in Venezuela.

Reserve estimates typically rise over the life of a field, which can often be productive for decades, as companies find new ways of getting more oil out of the ground.

The industry’s record has improved in recent years, thanks to high prices. According to Cambridge Energy Research Associates, oil companies have found more oil than they produced for the last two years through a combination of exploration and field expansions.

“The appetite for opening new frontiers when prices were low in the 1990s was very small,” said Paolo Scaroni, the chief executive of Italy’s oil giant Eni. “Today, the biggest discovery of all is technology.”

One of the largest finds this year was made by a small producer, Heritage Oil, at the Miran West One field in the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq. It found nearly two billion barrels of oil and plans to drill a second well before the end of the year. While the central government of Iraq has had a hard time attracting investors to develop its huge fields, local authorities in Kurdistan have been successfully wooing foreign producers.

Meanwhile, in the Gulf of Mexico, BP’s discovery proves that the area remains one of the most promising oil regions in the United States. BP has estimated that the Tiber field holds four billion to six billion barrels of oil and gas, which would be enough, in theory, to meet domestic consumption for more than a year.

“In 30 years I’ve been in the business, the Gulf of Mexico has been called the Dead Sea countless times,” said Bobby Ryan, the vice president of global exploration at Chevron. “And yet it continues to revitalize itself.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/24/business…24oil.html?_r=2

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Pour donner un ordre d'idée sur l'énormité de tout ce qui touche à l'énergie, la découverte de BP, 6 milliards de barrils (max) qui en effet une grosse, représente, à 85 millions de barrils / jour de conso mondiale, environ 72 jours. Donc, en même temps c'est énorme et en même temps non.

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More than 200 discoveries have been reported so far this year in dozens of countries, including northern Iraq’s Kurdish region, Australia, Israel, Iran, Brazil, Norway, Ghana and Russia. They have been made by international giants, like Exxon Mobil, but also by industry minnows, like Tullow Oil.

Et rien en france ?

:icon_up:

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Suite à un commentaire posté chez ob'lib, je viens de m'intéresser de plus près au gaz non conventionnel (dont l'un des plus important forage actuel est exploité depuis 20 ans dans la région de Fort-Worth), et suite au progrès réaliser pour l'exploitation de ces gisements la pénurie d'énergie fossile bon marché n'est pas pour demain.

Dans une étude récente, « Avaibility, Economics, and Potential of North American Unconventionnal Natural Gas » la « INGAA Foundation » (1) estime les réserves récupérables de gaz naturel dans les formations de gaz de schiste, de coalbed methane et des tight gas, à plus de 25.200 milliards m3 (900 Tcf). Le rapport indique que l’ensemble des ressources récupérables aux USA et au Canada s’élève à plus de 65.240 milliards m3 (2.330 Tcf). La consommation annuelle de gaz naturel des deux pays s’élève à environ 740 milliards m3 (26.4 Tcf). Cela représente environ, l’équivalent de plus de 90 ans de production.

Outre des réserves considérables de part le monde même si il reste beaucoup de travail pour évaluer les ressources mondiales mais pour les états-unis les réservent représentent 90 ans de consommation.

Voici quelques liens pour ceux qui veulent approfondir leurs connaissances :

http://www.elwatan.com/Le-gaz-naturel-non-conventionnel-1

http://www.letemps.ch/Facet/print/Uuid/1bc…qui_change_tout

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shale_gas

http://www.irvineenergy.com/shale_gas/index.htm

http://www.necanews.org/dev/documents/0809…nan_kevin_1.pdf attention pdf.

I

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Une réponse à la question clé : quand la production baisse en Arabie Saoudite, c'est un signe de limite géologique ou c'est juste la main sur le robinet?

Saudi Production Turns Around

Look at what has happened since Stuart's post. When Stuart wrote Nosedive in March 2007, production (C+C) in Saudi was 8.6 million bpd (Data from the EIA). I predicted that the declines would stop by summer, and little did we know that when Stuart published that essay, declines had just stopped and would be stable until late summer before beginning to rise.

The Saudis had production back above 9 million bpd by December 2007, and by July 2008 they had production at 9.7 million bpd - the highest level in almost 30 years (and without the aid of some of the major new projects that were expected to bump production a little). Their production then pulled back after prices collapsed. Just the fact that production flat-lined for 7 months with no new major projects coming on says without a doubt they were sitting on spare production when I was arguing that they were. If they hadn't been, they would have declined a bit each month and could have only reversed that by bringing new projects online.

https://www.blogger.com/comment.g?blogID=20…767693517947511

Un peu long mais très instructif. Hautement recommandé.

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Une réponse à la question clé : quand la production baisse en Arabie Saoudite, c'est un signe de limite géologique ou c'est juste la main sur le robinet?

https://www.blogger.com/comment.g?blogID=20…767693517947511

Un peu long mais très instructif. Hautement recommandé.

Le passage sur les calculs de réserves supposées est assez savoureux et démontre bien qu'on ne peut raisonner avec simplement les réserves officielles sans tenir compte des gains technologiques, par exemple…

Effectivement, a must read.

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Il n'en reste pas moins que les réserves saoudiennes sont grossièrement surévaluées. On est très loin des 220 milliards de barils annoncés, peut-être la moitié. De plus, même si les Saoudiens sont très secrets sur ce qu'ils font, il semble qu'ils ont utilisé très vite des techniques très agressives telles que l'injection d'eau sous pression, auxquelles on a normalement recours qu'une fois passé le pic de production. Si c'est vrai, lorsque la production déclinera, ce sera très rapide, 20% par an ou plus. S'ajoute à cela le fait que 60% de leur production a lieu avec un seul gisement.

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Ah, un gnon pour les Khmers Verts. W. n'avait pas osé le faire. Je ne pense pas que les quantités changent la face du monde, mais ce blocage sans aucune raison d'être durait déjà depuis beaucoup trop longtemps.

Pourvu que ce ne soit que le début d'une longue série.

Barack Obama to allow oil and gas drilling off Virginia

The proposal aims to reduce US dependence on foreign oil

US President Barack Obama is set to allow oil and gas drilling off Virginia in a bid to reduce foreign energy dependency, officials say.

He is also expected to announce that the lifting of the ban on drilling off much of the rest of the Atlantic coast will be considered.

But he is expected to reject some new drilling sites planned in Alaska.

The long-standing drilling ban covered the Atlantic coast, the eastern Gulf of Mexico and the north coast of Alaska.

White House officials hope Wednesday's announcement by the Democratic president will attract support from Republicans, who adopted a chant of "Drill, baby, drill" during the 2008 presidential campaign.

The drilling decision could help secure support for a climate change bill languishing in Congress, the Associated Press news agency notes.

Long-standing ban

Mr Obama's plan, revealed to news agencies by unnamed White House officials, aims to reduce US dependence on foreign oil, generate revenue from the sale of offshore leases and create jobs.

Environmentalists say the proposal is not worth the environmental risks.

They say there is relatively little oil to be found in the offshore areas.

Early in his presidency, Mr Obama said US reliance on foreign oil posed a threat.

Outlining his energy priorities then, he said the country would not be held "hostage to dwindling resources, hostile regimes, and a warming planet".

He called for greater fuel efficiency and an "energy economy" aimed at creating millions of jobs.

In 1981, a congressional moratorium prohibited oil and gas drilling along the east and west coasts and in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, an area accounting for some 80% of the US's Outer Continental Shelf.

President George Bush imposed a moratorium on coastal oil exploration in 1990.

The federal bans were enacted in part to protect tourism and lessen the chance of oil spills washing on to beaches.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8596692.stm

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Le chef peak oiliste est mort : http://www.consumerenergyreport.com/blogs/rsquared/

Rapier avait juste fait un article sur lui il y a quelques semaines pour dire qu'à son grand regret, il trouvait qu'il racontait n'importe quoi ces derniers temps. http://www.consumerenergyreport.com/blogs/rsquared/

Le long term nous dira ce que ceci a fait à sa crédibilité.

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Le chef peak oiliste est mort : http://www.consumerenergyreport.com/blogs/rsquared/

Rapier avait juste fait un article sur lui il y a quelques semaines pour dire qu'à son grand regret, il trouvait qu'il racontait n'importe quoi ces derniers temps. http://www.consumerenergyreport.com/blogs/rsquared/

Le long term nous dira ce que ceci a fait à sa crédibilité.

il n y a pas plus de chef des peak oilistes qu'il n'y a de chef des libéraux ( par exemple). La théorie du peak oil est une théorie vérifiée depuis déjà quelques décennies non?

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La théorie du peak oil est une théorie vérifiée depuis déjà quelques décennies non?

Vérifiée, comment, quelqu'un est revenu du futur en delorean et a ramené les courbes historiques du prix du pétrole.

Do Want !

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